Doctors at the Mayo Clinic injected Erholtz with 100 billion units of the measles virus – enough to inoculate 10 million people. It was part of a two-patient clinical trial, and her doctor said they were entering the unknown.
The method discovered the measles virus wiped out multiple myeloma cancer cells. Researchers engineered the measles virus (MV-NIS) in a single intravenous dose, making it selectively toxic to cancer cells.
Stephen Russell, the lead researcher on the case, said he and his team also engineered the virus to make it more suitable for cancer therapy. And after just one dose of it, Erholtz's cancer went into remission.
Erholtz has been clear of the disease for more than six months. Of the two subjects in the study, she was the only to reach full remission. The other patient's cancer returned after nine months.
Russell said the concept was previously tested in mice, but never in humans until now.
"It's a huge milestone in that regard," Russell told the Star Tribune. "We have known for some time viruses act like a vaccine. If you inject a virus into a tumor you can provoke the immune system to destroy that cancer and other cancers. This is different, it puts the virus into bloodstream, it infects and destroys the cancer, debulks it, and then the immune system can come and mop up the residue."
Russell hopes his team can one day transform this research into a single shot cure.
Josh Reddick made 'Careless Whisper' his walk-up song
If you were a Major League Baseball player, what would your walk-up song be?
Oakland A's outfielder Josh Reddick used the soulful 80s slow jam "Careless Whisper" by Wham as he walked up to the plate in Tuesday's game against the Chicago White Sox.
Reddick said he heard the song playing in the clubhouse one day and went with it.
So far, it's a hit with fans in Oakland. Check out the video here.
Use #MorningXtra and us know what your song would be on Twitter or Facebook!
THIS is how you sell a used car
If you're in the market for an old Volvo, we might have found the car for you.