Wednesday, August 27 2014 6:59 PM EDT2014-08-27 22:59:10 GMT
The independent U.N. commission on Syrian war crimes says the Islamic State group has committed crimes against humanity with its attacks on civilians in two cities in the country's north and west.More >>
The mother of a hostage American journalist pleaded for his release Wednesday in a video directed at the Islamic State group, while new images emerged of mass killings, including masked militants shooting kneeling men...More >>
Wednesday, August 27 2014 6:08 PM EDT2014-08-27 22:08:56 GMT
Congo's health minister says two Ebola deaths have been confirmed in the Central African country.More >>
Two Ebola-related deaths have been confirmed in Congo, the country's health minister said Sunday, though local officials believe the cases are unrelated to the outbreak in West Africa that has killed more than 1,400...More >>
Wednesday, August 27 2014 6:08 PM EDT2014-08-27 22:08:51 GMT
A new international draft report says global warming is here, human-caused and can already be considered dangerous. The report warns that it is increasingly likely that climate change could be irreversible.More >>
Global warming is here, human-caused and probably already dangerous - and it's increasingly likely that the heating trend could be irreversible, a draft of a new international science report says.More >>
Wednesday, August 27 2014 4:59 PM EDT2014-08-27 20:59:22 GMT
Members of Britain's Pakistani community have expressed outrage after an independent inquiry found that police and government agencies failed to act on sex abuse cases because of concerns about racism in the...More >>
Rotherham is a working-class town that is remarkable in its ordinariness - a collection of charmless discount stores, betting shops and kebab counters, surrounded by sleepy residential streets lined with brick houses that...More >>
Wednesday, August 27 2014 4:33 PM EDT2014-08-27 20:33:49 GMT
The third Gaza War in six years appears to have ended in another sort of tie, with both Israel and Hamas claiming the upper hand. Their questionable achievements have come at a big price, especially to...More >>
The third Gaza War in six years appears to have ended in another sort of tie, with both Israel and Hamas claiming the upper hand. Their questionable achievements have come at a big price, especially to long-suffering...More >>
(RNN) - Before inspiring fear in the country of Libya and around the world, Moammar Gadhafi was the youngest child born into a peasant family in Sirte.
According to the Jewish Virtual Library, he attended the Sebha preparatory school in Fezzan, Libya, from 1956 to 1961, when was expelled for his radical activism.
While he was a student at the school, he met a small group of associates who with him eventually would go on to seize control of the country.
He studied law at the University of Libya, and entered the Military Academy in Benghazi, Libya. He was later sent to Britain to train with the British Army Staff College.
On Sept. 1, 1969 Gadhafi led a small group of military officers against King Idris I. The next day, the king's nephew, crown Prince Hasan as-Sennussi, was supposed to become king, but was placed under house arrest and the monarchy abolished.
It is believed that Gadhafi accepted a ceremonial promotion from captain to colonel and remained at that rank.
The Jewish Virtual Library also reports that Gadhafi created a new regimen he called "Islamic socialism." He imposed Islamic law, outlawing gambling and alcohol.
As a dictator, Gadhafi "sought the world stage," according to CNN. He was rejected by Arab and African leaders, and grew to reject Western sentiments and culture, which left him to turn to terrorism in the 1970s and '80s.
He gradually began to earn his nickname, "mad dog of the Middle East."
In 1981, the U.S. attacked Libyan patrol boats during what became called the "Gulf of Sidra incident." During the "incident," Libya tried to extend by 12 miles its territorial waters in the gulf, prompting the U.S. to deploy the USS Forrestal and Nimitz. Both countries deployed fighter jets; however, no weapons were fired.
As a result of the effort, sanctions were imposed against Libya by President Ronald Reagan.
In 1988, Libya outraged the international community when it was implicated in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103, which exploded over Lockerbie, Scotland. Years later, Gadhafi turned over suspects in the bombing to the courts, and the country claimed to have eliminated weapons of mass destruction.
In his later years, Gadhafi became a colorful figure, known to have had plastic surgery on his face, favoring extravagant and flamboyant clothing and making bizarre proclamations about world events and leaders.
In 2009, Gadhafi abandoned plans to pitch a traditional Bedouin tent in a New York park owned by Donald Trump when Trump himself told him to leave. Gadhafi and his entourage had been denied a place to stay in New York City during a UN General Assembly meeting, during which he delivered a rambling, "marathon" speech, according to ABC News.
In early 2011, Gadhafi became a target of his own people when citizens of several Middle Eastern countries began to riot and call for the ouster of their dictator leaders. Gadhafi fought back and blamed others for the violence after a Civil War began in February.
Gadhafi was on the run when he was captured in killed Oct. 20. He was 69.